Objectives of Tempus program
The overall objective of the Tempus program is to help facilitate and encourage multilateral cooperation between institutions, authorities and bodies of higher education in the Member States of the European Union (EU) and partner countries, focusing on reform and modernization of higher education. Three types of actions are supported:
1. Joint Projects (JPs)
JPs are implemented at institutional level. Joint Projects are based on multilateral partnerships between higher education institutions in the EU and the Partner Countries. They promote the exchange of knowledge and know-how between EU universities and institutions in the Partner Countries and between Partner Country institutions themselves in various cases. Joint Projects are implemented by the institutions themselves.
Relevant themes for Joint Projects include:
· curriculum development,
· enhancing university governance and
· creating better links between higher education and society at large.
Two categories of Joint Projects may be supported:
a. 'National Projects' should be of benefit to the Partner Country and focus on national priorities set by the Ministry of Education for that Partner Country.
b. 'Multi-Country Projects' aim to be of benefit to more than one Partner Country. They focus on addressing regional priorities which are common to all the Partner Countries within a specific region. They can also address a 'national priority' which is common to each of the participating Partner Countries.
National and regional priorities are defined in the Calls for Proposal.
Multi-Country Projects may involve Partner Countries from different regions, provided that the theme of the proposal is identified as a regional or national priority for all of the participating Partner Countries.
In principle, the maximum possible duration of Joint Projects is 36 months.
2. Structural Measures
Structural Measures contribute to the development and reform of higher education institutions and systems in partner countries, to enhance their quality and relevance, and increase their convergence with EU developments. Structural Measures are implemented at system level with the ministry(ies) of higher education of the Partner Country(ies) directly participating or formally supporting the proposed project objectives.
They can address issues linked to:
· the reform of governance e.g. qualification systems,
· quality assurance, autonomy, or
· the links between higher education and society e.g. world of work, other sectors of the education.
This includes studies and research, organisation of national, regional and thematic conferences and seminars, provision of training, policy advice and dissemination of information.
3. Accompanying Measures
Tempus also finances certain ‘accompanying measures’. Unlike Joint Projects and Structural Measures, these are funded through call for tender or framework contracts.
· dissemination and information activities aiming at the identification and exploitation of good practice,
· consultation of stakeholders,